Deep Vein Thrombosis

DeepVeinThrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most deep vein clots occur in the lower leg or thigh.  The blood clots of deep vein thrombosis can be caused by anything that prevents your blood from circulating or clotting normally, such as injury to a vein, surgery, certain medications and limited movement.

Here are a few cases that increase your chances of DVT

  • If you are over 40 years old
  • Limited move. (If you don’t move for a long period of time, blood starts to pool in your lower legs)
  • Obesity. (The higher your Body Mass Index, the higher the risk for DVT)
  • Other health issues. (If you have been diagnosed with a heart disease, lung disease or cancer, you are more likely to get DVT)
  • During pregnancy or after giving birth. (When a woman is expecting a baby, the levels of estrogen rise. This may cause the blood to clot more easily)
  • Birth control pills or other hormone pills. (If you take any of these pills during your pregnancy, you are more likely to get DVT because many of these pills contain high levels of estrogen).
  • Symptoms of DVT may include:
  • Swelling in one or both legs
  • Pain or tenderness in one or both legs, even if it’s just when you stand or walk
  • Warm skin on your leg
  • Red or discolored skin on your leg
  • Veins you can see
  • Tired legs etc.

There are a few ways to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis. Here are a few examples listed:

  • Anticoagulants. (Anticoagulants are types of drugs that inhibit thrombus formation by manipulating the blood coagulation process. There are a few types of anticoagulants, but the doctor will tell you which is the right one for you based on the indication of any other medical conditions.
  • Compression stockings. (The compression helps move excess fluid back into the capillaries and helps prevent too much fluid from leaking out of the capillaries)
  • IVC or Inferior Vena Cava. (This procedure involves inserting a filter into the vein, this way preventing the large fragments that may break loose from clots, from lodging into the lungs)
  • Surgical thrombectomy. (This is a type of surgery that removes a blood clot from a vein or artery by making an incision into the blocked blood vessel.
  • The most common tests for diagnosing deep vein blood clots is Ultrasound and Dimer test. Ultrasound test uses sound waves in order to create pictures of blood flowing through the veins in the affected leg. While the Dimer test measures a substance in the blood that’s released when a blood clot dissolves.

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