Mammography is a test procedure, that uses special X-Ray system to obtain images of the inside of the breast. Mammogram enables for an early detection and diagnosis of Breast Cancer or anomalies in the breast in women.
Common Procedures in Mammography
There are two procedures followed in Mammography based on the detection or diagnosis.
Screening Mammography is used a precautionary tool to detect early breast cancer in women experiencing no symptoms. It is important for women aged above 50 to get Screening Mammography done every year on the prescription of the physician.
Digital Mammography is used to diagnose a patient with an abnormal condition such as breast lump, nipple discharge and also when there is an abnormal result finding during Screening Mammography.
- Schedule your mammogram to take place one week after your period (when breasts are less tender).
- Do not schedule your mammogram for the week before your menstrual period if your breasts are usually tender during this time.
- Do not wear talcum powder, deodorant, lotion or perfume under your arms or on your breasts. These substances can cause artifacts on your mammogram making the images harder to interpret (aluminium flecks in some powders and deodorants can mimic microcalcifications on the x-ray image).
- Bring your previous mammogram with you, or bring a list of where and when you have had previous mammograms with you to your appointment.
- Any breast symptoms or problems that a woman is experiencing should be described to the technologist performing the examination. A woman should also be prepared to discuss with the mammography technologist any pertinent history: prior surgeries, hormone use, family or personal history of breast cancer.