complete blood count test

What is Complete Blood Count Test

complete blood count(CBC) is a blood test that is used to evaluate your overall health and also detect a wide range of disorders, such as: anemia, infection and leukemia.

complete blood count test

complete blood count test measures several features of the blood, including:

  • Red blood cells. (They carry oxygen).
  • White blood cells. (They fight infection).
  • Hemoglobin. (The oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells).
  • Hematocrit, the proportion of red blood cells to the fluid component, or plasma, in your blood
  • Platelets. (They help with blood clotting).

A complete blood count test can:

  • Detect anemia, infection or leukemia,
  • See if you have another health issue,
  • To explain symptoms such as: fever,weakness, bruising, or feeling tired,
  • Keep an eye on a blood condition that you might already have,
  • See how treatments like chemotherapy are affecting your blood.

CBC is very important for several good reasons, including the following:

  • White blood cell count (WBC or leukocyte count).
  • WBC differential count.
  • Red blood cell count (RBC or erythrocyte count).
  • Hematocrit (Hct).
  • Hemoglobin (Hbg).
  • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV).
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH).
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
  • Red cell distribution width (RDW).
  • Platelet count.
  • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV).

Preparations for CBC

Before you undergo a CBC test you must prepare. We suggest you to:

  • Make sure you wear a short-sleeved shirt or a shirt with sleeves that you can easily rollup.
  • Eat and drink normally before a CBC.
  • However, it depends on your condition as well, so before you take the test you will be in contact with the doctors and they will tell you how to prepare more specifically.