What causes Gastritis? Symptoms of Gastritis?


Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining. Unfortunately, the term “gastritis” has been misused to include many different upper abdominal problems, but true gastritis refers to the stomach lining (gastric mucosa) that is inflamed. It is usually termed Acute or Chronic Gastritis.

Gastritis can be caused by irritation due to excessive alcohol use, stress, chronic vomiting etc. However, the two major causes of gastritis are:

1) A bacterium named Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori

2) The use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). But, there are also many other causes like other infectious agents, autoimmune problems, diseases like Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, and isolated granulomatosis gastritis.

Symptoms of gastritis vary among individuals. Sometimes in many people there are no symptoms at all.

However, the most common symptoms include the following:

  • Nausea or recurrent upset stomach.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Abdominal bloating.
  • Indigestion.
  • Cronic vomiting.
  • Hiccups.
  • Burning feeling in the stomach between meals or during the night.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Vomiting blood.
  • Black, tarry stools.

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