What is a Hypertension?vital
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels.
The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels. Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease.
Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems.
One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it.
In fact, nearly one-third of people who have high blood pressure don’t know it. The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups.
If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for,including:
- Severe headache
- Fatigue or confusion
- Vision problems
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Blood in the urine
- Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears.