what is vertigo

What is Vertigo? Symptoms and Causes of Vertigo?

what is vertigo

Vertigo is a sensation of feeling off balance.

If you have these dizzy spells, you might feel like you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning. It is often associated with looking down from a great height but can refer to any temporary or ongoing spells of dizziness caused by problems in the inner ear or brain. Many conditions can cause vertigo.

Vertigo can be a symptom of other conditions, and it can also have its own set of related symptoms.

These include:

  • Balance problems and lightheadedness
  • A sense of motion sickness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Tinnitus
  • A feeling of fullness in the ear
  • Headache.

Vertigo is often triggered by a change in the position of your head.

People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:

  • Spinning.
  • Tilting.
  • Swaying.
  • Unbalanced.
  • Pulled to one direction.

There is a range of different diseases and conditions that can lead to Vertigo. Vertigo often occurs as the result of an imbalance in the inner ear.

Less commonly, problems in parts of the brain can cause vertigo.

Conditions that can cause the different types of vertigo include:

  • Labyrinthitis.
  • Vestibular neuronitis.
  • Cholesteatoma.
  • Manicure’s disease.
  • Migraine headaches.
  • Head injuries or trauma.
  • Taking certain medication.
  • Ear surgery.
  • Prolonged bed rest etc.

Treatment for vertigo depends on what’s causing it.

In many cases, vertigo goes away without any treatment. This is because the brain is able to adapt, at least in part, to the inner ear changes, relying on other mechanisms to maintain balance. For some, treatment is needed and may Vestibular rehabilitation and Canalith repositioning maneuvers.

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