muscle strain

What is muscle Strain or Muscle Tear ?

muscle strain

MUSCLE STRAIN

A muscle strain occurs when your muscle is overstretched. This usually occurs as a result of fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle. Strains are most common in your lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thigh, but they can happen in any muscle. 

Symptoms include:

  • Sudden onset of pain.
  • Soreness.
  • Limited range of movement.
  • Buising or discoloration.
  • Swelling.
  • A “knotted-up” feeling.
  • Muscle spasms.
  • Stiffness.
  • Weakness.

You can decrease your chances of straining a muscle if you take some basic precautions, including the following:

  • Try not to sit in one position for too long.
  • Lift objects carefully.
  • Maintain good posture when standing and sitting.
  • Lose weight. (If you need to).
  • Take precautions to prevent falls.
  • Wear shoes that fit properly.
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home-sample-collection

Home Sample Collection Available at Medray Diagnostic Center

Your physician orders lab tests to diagnose, treat, manage, or monitor your condition and you have decided to get it done at the comfort of your home.

With increased laboratory instrumentation & automation and technology advancements, the accuracy of results in laboratory (or analytical) phase has become smaller concern. However, the pre-analytical stage, the way the blood test sample is collected, pre-processed, stored and transported is an important step.

home-sample-collection

Home Sample Collection Procedure at Medray Diagnostic Centre

The process begins with the collection of a sample of blood, which is then taken to our laboratory where it is uniquely identified and examined to make certain that it is appropriate for the testing as ordered by your physician.

Proper handling is an important part of obtaining accurate and timely laboratory test result.

Samples are collected using a proper technique by our Phlebotomist or our well trained technician, use of proper sterilized containers, which are rightly labeled and promptly transported to our laboratory.

At Medray, we understand and take our responsibility very seriously. We follow the optimal sampling and sample handling procedures to ensure quality results for all our customers. Whatever it takes for a healthy tomorrow.

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hairline-fracture

What is Hairline Fracture? What are the Symptoms and Treatment?

hairline-fracture

A hairline fracture, also known as a stress fracture, is a small crack or severe bruise within a bone.

This injury is most common in athletes, especially athletes of sports that involve running and jumping.

Causes for Hairline Fracture 
Hairline fractures are often caused by overuse or repetitive actions when microscopic damage is done to the bone over time. An increase in either the duration or frequency of activity can result in a hairline fracture.This means that even if you are used to running, suddenly increasing either your distance or the number of times per week you run can cause this injury.Not allowing yourself enough time to heal between activities is often a factor in the probability of getting this injury.

Symptoms of Hairline Fracture 
The most common symptom of a hairline fracture is pain. This pain can gradually get worse over time, especially if you don’t stop weight-bearing activity. Pain is usually worse during activity and lessens during rest.

Other symptoms include:

  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Bruising.

Treatments for Hairline Fracture
If you suspect you have a hairline fracture, there are a number of first aid treatments you can perform before you go to the doctor.

Home treatments
Follow the RICE method:

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation

It’s important to seek further treatment from your doctor if the pain becomes severe or doesn’t get better with rest. It usually takes up to six to eight weeks to completely heal from a hairline fracture, it’s important to modify your activities during that time. Cycling and swimming are great alternatives to more high-impact exercises. Some hairline fractures will require surgery, where bones are supported by the addition of a type of fastener using pins or screws to hold bones together during the healing process.

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what is vertigo

What is Vertigo? Symptoms and Causes of Vertigo?

what is vertigo

Vertigo is a sensation of feeling off balance.

If you have these dizzy spells, you might feel like you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning. It is often associated with looking down from a great height but can refer to any temporary or ongoing spells of dizziness caused by problems in the inner ear or brain. Many conditions can cause vertigo.

Vertigo can be a symptom of other conditions, and it can also have its own set of related symptoms.

These include:

  • Balance problems and lightheadedness
  • A sense of motion sickness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Tinnitus
  • A feeling of fullness in the ear
  • Headache.

Vertigo is often triggered by a change in the position of your head.

People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:

  • Spinning.
  • Tilting.
  • Swaying.
  • Unbalanced.
  • Pulled to one direction.

There is a range of different diseases and conditions that can lead to Vertigo. Vertigo often occurs as the result of an imbalance in the inner ear.

Less commonly, problems in parts of the brain can cause vertigo.

Conditions that can cause the different types of vertigo include:

  • Labyrinthitis.
  • Vestibular neuronitis.
  • Cholesteatoma.
  • Manicure’s disease.
  • Migraine headaches.
  • Head injuries or trauma.
  • Taking certain medication.
  • Ear surgery.
  • Prolonged bed rest etc.

Treatment for vertigo depends on what’s causing it.

In many cases, vertigo goes away without any treatment. This is because the brain is able to adapt, at least in part, to the inner ear changes, relying on other mechanisms to maintain balance. For some, treatment is needed and may Vestibular rehabilitation and Canalith repositioning maneuvers.

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what-are-the-diseases-that-spread-during-floods

What are the diseases that spread during floods?

what-are-the-diseases-that-spread-during-floods

Climate change has the potential to influence the earth’s biological systems, however, its effects on human health are not well defined. Developing nations with limited resources are expected to face a host of health effects due to climate change, including vector-borne and water-borne diseases such as malaria, cholera, and dengue. Floods can potentially increase the transmission of the following communicable diseases: Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A. Also Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever and several risks that may be caused by corpses.

1.Water-borne diseases

Flooding is associated with an increased risk of infection, however this risk is low unless there is significant population displacement and/or water sources are compromised. There is an increased risk of infection of water-borne diseases contracted through direct contact with polluted waters, such as wound infections, dermatitis, conjunctivitis, and ear, nose and throat infections. However, these diseases are not epidemic-prone.

2.Vector-borne diseases

Floods may indirectly lead to an increase in vector-borne diseases through the expansion in the number and range of vector habitats. Standing water caused by heavy rainfall or overflow of rivers can act as breeding sites for mosquitoes, and therefore enhance the potential for exposure of the disaster-affected population and emergency workers to infections such as dengue, malaria and West Nile fever.

3.Risk posed by corpses

Contrary to common belief, there is no evidence that corpses pose a risk of disease “epidemics” after natural disasters. Most agents do not survive long in the human body after death (with the exception of HIV -which can be up to 6 days) and the source of acute infections is more likely to be the survivors.

  • Tuberculosis can be acquired if the bacillus is aerosolized (residual air in lungs exhaled, fluid from lungs spurted up through nose/ mouth during handling of the corpse).
  • Exposure to bloodborne viruses occurs due to direct contact with non-intact skin of blood or body fluid, injury from bone fragments and needles, or exposure to the mucous membranes from splashing of blood or body fluid.
  • Gastrointestinal infections are more common as dead bodies commonly leak faeces. Transmission occurs via the faeco-oral route through direct contact with the body and soiled clothes or contaminated vehicles or equipment. Dead bodies contaminating the water supply may also cause gastrointestinal infections.

India has already been witnessing outbreaks of epidemics like dengue, chikungunya, malaria, diarrhea, typhoid, leptospirosis, cholera, jaundice and viral fever during the floods for the last few years. While dengue, chikungunya, and malaria are caused by mosquitoes breeding in stagnated waters, diarrhea, cholera and jaundice are caused by consumption of contaminated water and unhygienic foods.

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what is a hypertension

What is a Hypertension?

what is a hypertension

Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels.

The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels. Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease.

Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems.

One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it.

In fact, nearly one-third of people who have high blood pressure don’t know it. The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups.

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for,including:

  • Severe headache
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears.
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Overweight Cause PCOS

Does being Overweight Cause PCOS OR Does PCOS Result in Obesity ?

Overweight Cause PCOS

PCOS is one of the most common hormonal disorders in women of reproductive age, affecting 5 to 10 percent.

Women with PCOS have irregular menstrual bleeding and often have difficulty getting pregnant. The syndrome occurs when levels of hormones are abnormal. The name “polycystic ovarian syndrome” refers to the appearance of small cysts along the outer edge of the enlarged ovaries of women with this condition.

PCOS affects about 10 percent of women and is characterized by excess male hormone, irregular ovulation and menstruation as well as increased risk of metabolic diseases often associated with being overweight.

But does being Overweight Cause PCOS or Does PCOS Result in Obesity? Both are possible.

The link between PCOS and obesity is complicated. Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome begin for some females soon after they start having periods. Women with PCOS produce too much insulin, or the insulin they produce does not work as it should. The inability of insulin to function normally is one reason why women with PCOS tend to gain weight or have a hard time losing weight.

For others, PCOS develops later on, following substantial weight gain. What is clear is that women affected by obesity have a greater risk for PCOS and women with PCOS have a greater risk for obesity.

Check PCOD with an Ultrasound Scan

    

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problems due to Vitamin D

Health problems due to Vitamin D Deficiency

problems due to Vitamin D
Symptoms of bone pain and muscle weakness can mean you have a vitamin D deficiency.

Yet, even without symptoms, too little vitamin D can pose health risks.

Vitamin D deficiency can occur for a number of reasons:

  • You don’t consume the recommended levels of the vitamin over time.
  • Your exposure to sun light is limited.

-Your kidneys cannot convert vitamin D to its active form. (As people grow older, their kidneys are less able to convert vitamin D to its active form, thus increasing the risk of vitamin deficiency).

Low levels of the Vitamin D have been associated with the following health problems:

  • Weaker Bones
  • Osteoporosis
  • Increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease
  • Cognitive impairment in older adults
  • Severe asthma in children
  • Cancer

Get your Vitamin D levels tested today at Medray Diagnostic Centre.

Medray Diagnostic Centre
https://medray.in
#VitaminD #SunshineVitamin #vitamin #Deficiency #cancer#Weakerbones #osteoporosis

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Are you Anaemic?

Anaemia is a condition in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to the body’s tissues. Having anaemia may make you feel tired and weak.

There are many forms of anaemia, each with its own cause. Anaemia can be temporary or long-term, and it can range from mild to severe.

Usually, the first test used to diagnose anaemia is a complete blood count (CBC). The CBC measures many parts of your blood. The test checks your haemoglobin and hematocrit levels. So if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, do the test immediately.

Symptoms of Anaemia

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